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Rajaji Tiger Reserve [formerly
known as Rajaji National Park] is distinct for its pristine
scenic beauty and rich bio-diversity. A paradise for nature
lovers and wildlife enthusiasts. Three sancturies in the
Uttaranchal, Shivaliks - Rajaji, Motichur and Chila were
amalgamated into a large protected area and named Rajaji
National Park in the year 1983 after the famous freedom fighter
Late Sri C. Rajgopalachari; popularly known as "Rajaji".
Spread over an area of 820.42 sq km, Rajaji is a magnificient ecosystem nestled in the Shivalik ranges and the beginning of the vast Indo-Gangetic plains, thus representing vegetation of several distinct zones and forest types.
Rajaji is thickly foliated predominantly by the Sal Forest and a number of other forest types which include the Western Gangetic Moist and Northern dry Deciduous and Khair-Sissoo forests. Low Alluvial Savannah Woodlands cover the drier southern margins of the park, in contrast to the Shiwalik Chir-Pine on the high reaches of the hills.
The under-wood is light and often absent, consisting of Rohini (Malollotus philippinensis), Amaltas (Cassia fistula),Shisham ( Dalbergia sissoo), Sal ( Shorea robusta) , Palash ( Butea monosperma ) ,Arjun ( Terminalia arjuna ) Khair ( Acacia catechu ) Baans ( Dendrocalamus strictus ), Semul ( Bombax ceiba ) Sandan (Ougeinia Oojeinensis), Chamaror, (Ehretia laevis), Aonla (Emblica officinalis), Kachnar (Bauhienia variegata), Ber (Ziziphus mauritiana), Chilla (Casearia tomentosa), Bel (Aegle Marmelos), etc.
Possessing as many as 23 species of mammals and 400 bird species, the Rajaji Tiger Reserve is home to the Cheetal, Barking deer, Sambar deer, Wild Boar, antelopes such as the Nilgai, Goral and of course the Asian Elephant.
The park also protects carnivores such as the Royal Bengal Tiger, the Leopard and the lesser carnivores like the Jackal, Hyena, Jungle Cat, Leopard Cat, Civets, Himalayan Yellow-Throated Marten Himalayan Black and Sloth Bears. At present there are 14 tigers and around 85 leopards. The primates include the Rhesus Macaque and the Hanuman Langur. The Indian Hare and the Indian Porcupine are among some of the small mammals found in the Reserve.
Reptiles in Rajaji include one of the largest Pythons, King Cobra, Common Krait, Indian Cobra and the Monitor Lizard. The Oriental Pied Hornbill, Crested Kingfisher and Crimson sunbird are some of the residents of the Reserve.
The abundance of nature's bounties heaped in and around this park, are bound to attract a large number of wildlife conservationalists, nature lovers and eco-friends to visit this most breathtaking wilderness area.
Eco-tourism could be broadly defined as making
as little environmental impact as possible and helping to
sustain the indigenous populace, thereby encouraging the
preservation of wildlife and habitats when visiting a place.
Responsible Eco-tourism includes programs that minimize the
adverse effects of traditional tourism on the natural
environment and enhance the cultural integrity of local people.
Whether it's about a nature camp or organizing trekking trips towards the un-spoilt and inaccessible regions, one should always keep in mind not to create any mishap or disturbance in the life cycle of nature. Historical, biological and cultural conservation, preservation, sustainable development etc. are some of the fields closely related to Eco-Tourism. Read More..